Ethical standards for publication exist to ensure high-quality scientific publications, public trust in scientific findings, and that people receive credit for their ideas. It is important to avoid:


Data fabrication and falsification:
Data fabrication means the researcher did not actually do the study, but faked the data. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment, but then changed some of the data.


Taking the ideas and work of other scientists without giving them credit is unfair and dishonest. Copying even one sentence from someone else’s manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation is considered plagiarism—use your own words instead.


Multiple submissions:
It is unethical to submit the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time. Doing this wastes the time of editors and peer reviewers, and can damage the reputation of the authors and the journals if published in more than one journal as the later publication will have to be retracted.


Redundant publications (or ‘salami’ publications):
This means publishing many very similar manuscripts based on the same experiment. Combining your results into one very robust paper is more likely to be of interest to a selective journal. Editors are likely to reject a weak paper that they suspect is a result of salami slicing.



In order for articles to be published in this journal, authors are required to check for similarity index (minimum 30%) and the result shall be forwarded to the secretariat.


Publication Workflow: 

The following is the IJAD publication workflow for the author's reference.




All papers should also comply with the manuscript submission guidelines which include:



The language of the manuscript must be in English (either American or British standard, but not the mixture of both).



A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length of 300 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list.



The length of the paper should not exceed 20 pages. Paper containing more than 20 pages words will be returned to the author(s) to abridge. Articles should be typed in single space (including tables, footnotes and references) on one side of the paper only (preferably A4) with wide margins. Authors are urged to write as concisely as possible, but not at the expense of clarity.



 Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').


Title page is a separated page before the text. It should include the following information:
  • Title
    Title should be concise and informative. Try to avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Author’s names and affiliations
    Please indicate the given name and family name clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
  • Corresponding author 
    Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
  • Sponsoring information
    If the research is sponsored or supported by an organization, please indicate it.



Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. The abstract is not included in sub-section.



Present tables and figures in the text. Please note that the article will be published in black and white. 



Author(s) should follow the latest edition of APA style in referencing. Please visit to learn more about APA style



References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Examples:

  • Reference to a journal publication: 
    Geer, J., Hanraads, J. A. J. & Lupton R. A. (2000). The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Scientific Communications, 163(1), 51-59.


  • Reference to a book: 
    Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style. (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan.


  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book: 
    Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. (1994). How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.), Introduction to the electronic age (pp. 281-304). New York: E-Publishing Inc.




Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Avoid citation in the abstract. Unpublished results and personal communications should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. 



E-mail attachment as electronic proof will be sent to the corresponding author as a PDF file. The final version of the manuscripts will be considered the page proofs. No changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage except clerical or typographical errors. Authors will have electronic access to the full text (PDF) of the article and can download the PDF file from which they can print unlimited copies of their articles.



The work described should not have been published before nor should it be under publication elsewhere (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis). Authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher when the manuscript is accepted for publication.



Articles must be sent in electronic format, in English to the editor. The article sent for publishing will be accompanied by a short description which must contain complete contact details (first name, last name), affiliation(Department, Faculty, University, address of university), including those necessary for technical correspondence (phone, fax, email). The author of the accepted paper will receive editorial comments so that the paper can be revised for publication. At least two members of the Editorial Board make an initial assessment of the scientific relevance of the article and nominate the reviewers to produce an informed opinion. The peer review takes place, involving two reviewers (per article) with expertise in the specific domain that is being addressed. Journal attempts to convey the reviewer’s comments about the manuscripts to the authors within four weeks. Accepted pending revision manuscripts will be re-reviewed by the Editorial Board. IJAD attempts to publish the manuscripts within 4 weeks after submission. After the approval of the proposed article and its publishing in the magazine, the author will receive a free copy of the issue (PDF file).