International Journal of Art and Design (IJAD) is a double-blind peer reviewed journal that provides twice per year publication (in February and August) of articles in the field of Creative Arts, Visual Communication, Design Technology & Humanities. IJAD aims in bringing together researchers to participate in sharing ideas and findings in the field of high quality papers on theoretical developments and practical applications in art and design. Original research papers and state-of-the-art reviews are invited for publications. It also hopes to encourage a culture of writing and publishing among lecturers, inside and outside of Universiti Teknologi MARA.

IJAD is a refereed open-access journal indexed in MyJurnal and Google Scholar, and published biannually (in February and August every year)








Animation as Learning Aid in History Subject for Form One Students



The education system in Malaysia has changed rapidly over the past few years and the method of learning for history subject should reflect these changes. Students will enjoy and comprehend what they learn when they understand the contents and contexts of a topic. History refers to previous events in time that have occurred. In order to understand the past, students must recreate the situation that has occurred; if only they could travel back in time to witness the events first-hand. Through that approach, they are able to absorb and understand historical events but the element of time constraint makes this impossible. Owing to this, animation as a tool will be built in this study. The aim of this study is not to change the current learning system or teaching method, it is just to introduce an alternative method to students for learning the history subject outside of schools. The focus group in this study consists of Form One students. This thesis presents the animation as learning aids to educate students in the history subject and it is not only for entertainment. However, it focuses on the attempt to be effective in the learning process. This research will contribute to the first step of a larger research project in which learning aid tools will be developed from text forms to visualization through the animation medium.


Keywords: Education, Learning Aid, History Subject, Form 1 Student, Animation


Contemporary Sculpture Development: Art Learning Process, Lanna Art and Local Cultural Identity through the Integration of Installation Art, Digital Art, and Solar Cell Technology for Community’s Landmark



This research article was founded on the investigation within informative accounts of creative outcomes of a research project, based on a mix method approach of the qualitative research and community-based action research. The methodology consisted of review literature and field research alongside with artistic productive processes. The procedures include firstly, a documentary research where field research include in-depth interviews and focus-group meetings and secondly, accounts of mixed media sculpture development. The objectives of this research, combined three crucial parts which were to study and collect the local Chiang Rai art database, to design and develop contemporary sculpture documentations in order to create local landmark underneath local art and culture basis alongside the concept of creative economy, and lastly, to encourage local people to realize and appreciate the value of their own cultural heritage and the local wisdom related to Lanna art and culture through the dissemination of gaining knowledge related to the contemporary sculpture development and its presentation. The research findings highlighted that not only there were tangible outputs which were composed by the sculpture and the community’s landmark themselves, but significantly yielded a byproduct that further developed an innovative local sustainable tourism management system. This enhances the local people quality of life through experiences and knowledge gaining from the research project. These findings, therefore, could be divided into 3 main aspects. Firstly, the art learning process; the mixture of production between the knowledge development process and the art appreciation or aesthetic process. Secondly, the social learning process included the brain-storming, team-working leading to the community’s mutual agreement in order to find the solution or products. Lastly, the community-based action research encourages an integration operation between the local community and the university in order to use the domestic resources for local sufficient and sustainable benefits.


Keywords: Lanna Art and Culture, Community’s Landmark, Mixed Media Sculpture, Art Learning Process