International Journal of Art and Design (IJAD) is a double-blind peer reviewed journal that provides twice per year publication (in February and August) of articles in the field of Creative Arts, Visual Communication, Design Technology & Humanities. IJAD aims in bringing together researchers to participate in sharing ideas and findings in the field of high quality papers on theoretical developments and practical applications in art and design. Original research papers and state-of-the-art reviews are invited for publications. It also hopes to encourage a culture of writing and publishing among lecturers, inside and outside of Universiti Teknologi MARA.

IJAD is a refereed open-access journal indexed in MyJurnal and Google Scholar, and published biannually (in February and August every year)








Exploring the Malayness of Mastura Abdul Rahman's Painting



This paper discusses and explores the Malayness concepts of Mastura Abdul Rahman's paintings. In Malaysia, we had problems with the lack of national women's artists studying Malay's concepts due to time constraints and lack of reference sources. The research study was based on a collection of paintings selected from 1987 to 2015. This research focused mainly on the structures and composition in Malay's concepts of Mastura Abdul Rahman arts' works and documentation of the content of the Malays identities and social-cultural aspects. She applied Malay's concepts in the painting to beautify it by using Malay's design, architectures, and motives. The researcher used the six principles used by Zakaria Ali in describing Mastura Abdul Rahman's arts' works based on Malay's concepts, which consist of subtlety, usefulness, unity, symbol, contrast, and meaning. The researcher obtained information through the primary data methods such as interviews and observation, where the interview sessions were held with the painter Mastura Abdul Rahman. Information from the curators and secondary methods was derived from data sources such as books, journals, newspaper clippings, and magazines. Furthermore, every artwork that was analyzed had intellectual on the Malays' concepts because every object in the artworks had a role and implicit meanings about the Malayness. Her art works has aesthetic values and very intellectual in highlighting messages in applying the concept of tradition, culture and religion. However, her art works should be documented for general reference purposes. Especially for the younger generations to expose and help them to improve understanding, communication capabilities, stimulate critical thinking and intellectualism to the society.


Keywords: Malayness; structure; composition; characteristics of Malay's.


Brand Identity on Local Malay Herbal Toiletries’ Packaging Designs as Potential Tourism Products



Herbal products are gaining popularity in the worldwide market due to their perceived medicinal values to users. Even in Malaysia, the herbal industry is increasing and the products are in high demand. The Malaysian government is now focusing on the herbal industry as new economic resources as implemented in the Ninth Malaysia Plan. This study attempts to look into the local Malay herbal toiletries’ packaging designs. Through visual assessment on Malay toiletry products’ packaging designs which are displayed on the market shelves, it has been discovered that a majority of these packaging designs are without any representation of the Malay identity. We argue that packaging designs of the Malay herbal toiletry products can look attractive by having Malay identity on them and consequently improving the tourists’ purchasing decision. This research delves into the recommendations of packaging designs by identifying the criteria and expectation needs. In order to improve this situation, we believe that the packaging designs should adopt the Kapferer’s Brand Identity Model (Kapferer, 2004) that includes physique, personality, culture, relationship reflection and self-image. It is hoped that this study will improve packaging designs of local Malay herbal toiletry products in the local market shelves by embodying the Malay identity.


Keyword: Malay, Herbal, Toiletries, Packaging Design