International Journal of Art and Design (IJAD) is a double-blind peer reviewed journal that provides twice per year publication (in February and August) of articles in the field of Creative Arts, Visual Communication, Design Technology & Humanities. IJAD aims in bringing together researchers to participate in sharing ideas and findings in the field of high quality papers on theoretical developments and practical applications in art and design. Original research papers and state-of-the-art reviews are invited for publications. It also hopes to encourage a culture of writing and publishing among lecturers, inside and outside of Universiti Teknologi MARA.

IJAD is a refereed open-access journal indexed in MyJurnal and Google Scholar, and published biannually (in February and August every year)








A Study of 'Pantuns' in The Modern Malaysian Art



The visual artwork functions as a delivery platform in expressing personal thoughts of an artist. The classical Malay literature has gained the attention of several Malaysian artists in their painting artworks since the 1960s. The Pantun as a traditional genre of poems becomes one of the major interests among the artists. The objective of this paper is to conduct an academic study on the forms and meanings of pantuns in the painting artworks by artists such as Mohd Tajuddin Gendut and Ramli Salleh. Content analysis is the methodology used in examining the artworks which focus on the formalistic analysis and iconographic approach in understanding the intended meanings by the country’s artists in their art and paintings. Findings show that the artists tend to transmit their messages about life and culture in the society which they represent in addition to expressing their appreciation towards the beauty of classical Malay literature as a Malay traditional heritage. It is hoped that from this study, the new generation of artists will preserve the elements of literature in their art activities


Keywords: Malay Classical Literature, Pantuns, Art and Paintings, Meaning


The Potential of Polyurethane in Producing a Relief Painting



This research is exploring the potential use of the polyurethane element and technique to produce three dimensional forms as an alternative to canvas artworks. Canvas, being the conventional medium for painting has the limitation in producing relief artworks. Due to this reason, polyurethane as the potential property of petroleum-based material is explored as a new medium of artwork. Exploration of materials creates new medium for artworks and allows artists to impose various techniques onto the material. Exploration of new materials will challenge and enhance the creative process of producing an artwork. Thus, this research is interested in experimenting with polyurethane with various techniques which may be useful for manipulating the material. The effect and results are not always as expected due to accidental effects encountered during the process. Therefore, the use of different techniques on polyurethane has given satisfactory or non-satisfactory results due to its appearance on the artwork. Through simple tests, it is proven that polyurethane has the potential character as relief artwork. It is stable, durable and flexible. In conclusion, polyurethane is suitable to be used as an alternative to canvas for producing relief artworks.


Keywords: Polyurethane, Relief Painting, Canvas